In summary, in Pakistan gender roles are exceptionally clearly defined. (2016) Atif et al. Gender preference and birth spacing in Matlab, Bangladesh. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. The association is particularly strong in Nepal, India and Pakistan. It is indeed a gri… Results: Parity progression is driven by son preference to some extent in all five countries studied. Son preference in Pakistan: an analysis of intentions vs. behavior. This finding, based on intentions, conflicts with the results based on actual behavior presented here. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School, Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. In other words, couples may prefer boy to girl children, but they would still rather have many girl children than few or no children at all. We investigate gender-biased breastfeeding in Pakistan using data from the 2006–07 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey. Socioeconomic Correlates of Contraceptive Use among the Ethnic Tribal Women of Bangladesh: Does Sex Preference Matter? A recently published study found that Pakistani couples express an approximately three-to-one preference for sons over daughters. Get the latest public health information from CDC:, Get the latest research information from NIH:, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: 66(2), pages 179-215.Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:doi:10.1086/695137 DOI: 10.1086/695137 Subscribe to the weekly Policy Currents newsletter to receive updates on the issues that matter most. Guru Nanak J Sociol. Khan and Sirageldin's work on sex preference and desires for additional children in Pakistan were reviewed, followed by consideration of several methods of testing the relationship between sex of children and subsequent fertility and presentation of the results of several other tests of the hypothesis that sex composition of children affects actual fertility behavior. In 1990-1991 son preference ratio was 38.3% and increased in 2006-2007 to 47.5%. A recently published study found that Pakistani couples express an approximately three-to-one preference for sons over daughters. One implication of this finding is that techniques for influencing the sex of future births can be expected to have little effect on population growth rates. Abstract . Objective: To analyze desire for sons/daughters among ladies of Peshawar, Pakistan, with a view to rule out son preference and to study impact of various demographic characteristics on the subject. PMID: 12266412 Abstract PIP: The study assesses the extent to which the very strong expressed preference for sons in Pakistan influences couples' actual fertility behavior. This cohort study evaluates the role of the sex of children on reproductive intentions and subsequent behaviour of women in urban slums of Karachi, Pakistan. A literature review. Son preference leads to discrimination against girls, which impact on different domains of their life. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. "Son Preference and Gender-Biased Breastfeeding in Pakistan," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. The Khan and Sirageldin (1977) results can be translated into a stopping rule which states that the higher the proportion of boys in a family, the less likely a couple is to go on to have another child. This paper explores the extent to which couples' actual behavior is consistent with this expressed preference, and reviews a number of analytical methods for estimating the effect of sex of children on fertility behavior. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Continuation of the fertility transition may be difficult unless the degrees of differential stopping behavior and differential contraceptive use decline. The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. Son Preference and Gender-Biased Breastfeeding in Pakistan. The first explanation is that in traditional societies such as Pakistan couples are unable to control their fertility adequately. A skewed sex ratio and shortage of girls is detrimental to the health and welfare of women, as well as to the human development of India. This extension was based on a sample of women, most of whom have completed fertility (all were aged 35 or older) and all of whom had at least 1 live birth. Was Unemployment Insurance Designed to Exclude Black Workers? We test the validity of their theory in Pakistan, where parents’ stated preference for sons is twice as large as in India. Pakistani women also seem to have exceptionally poor mental health. The Pardee RAND Graduate School ( is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. Several fertility measures and estimation techniques were used to determine whether subsequent fertility behavior is influenced by the sex composition of previous births. Son preference in Pakistan: An analysis of intentions versus behaviour (Rand paper series) CONTEXT: Son preference exerts a strong influence over contraceptive and fertility decisions in many South Asian countries. Get this from a library! No overall relationship was found between the sex composition of children and subsequent fertility behavior. Son preference and reproductive behaviour in rural Punjab. We exami The probit maximum likelihood estimation procedure is utilized, and the analysis is based on cross-sectional data on 2,910 currently married women obtained from a national survey conducted in Pakistan in 1968–1969.