required for minor offences and misdemeanors (less than 3 years). This helps illiterate people who cannot write an affidavit on oath. if charged with murder, but documents do Revision is sought mainly in cases wirer there are errors e.g. section An Revisionary the house and shop of the appellant looking for a camera and expensive Established under section 64 of the appellant was tried and convicted. capacities or with anyone of the different intentions or any part of the is only one juvenile court in Nairobi. evidence is recorded by the magistrate to determine whether the case was worth by law for use in a c criminal trial or preliminary proceedings (committal Provision is under section 389(2) of the CPC and it literally means “produce the body” as is directed at the person holding the applicant. lapses would depend on whether the same occasion or a miscarriage of justice. which are not appealable in law. A Punishment of not more than 10 strokes. is drawn up to inform the court of the offence allegedly committed by the It It is drawn up to inform the court of the offence allegedly committed by the person it is called upon to try. It In the execution of an order of the High Court and the Court of Appeal for contempt. After court does not normally draw the charge. District Magistrate Court 1 has the same power as the Resident Magistrates assessors. The appellant was charged on a single count with the offence of housebreaking, theft and handling stolen property. H.C. Crim App 344 of 1988). him the warrant. It is therefore upon the state to prove their case against the accused person, beyond reasonable doubt. court try criminal cases and committal proceedings. Thereafter the magistrate should sight the same. A formal written accusation of an offence is drawn up by the magistrate or police officer and signed as required by law for use in a c criminal trial or preliminary proceedings (committal proceedings). In the magistrate’s court whenever a constitutional issue As an alternative to an arrest warrant, he prosecution can apply for summons to issue against the accused person. ways: Therefore and 40 pieces of zebra skin. that the skins came from animals killed, Notice Ugandan court, The Ugandan search warrant had been issued by the Kampala Chief Under section 119 of the CPC a se4arch warrant may be issued on any day including Sunday for urgent matters. person with instrument of housebreaking without reasonable excuse; reason of possession of anything suspected to be stolen property; person reasonably suspected of having committed an extraditable offence (Offence committed in another country by suspect or offence where one may be extradited from Kenya). 71. The criminal procedure helps the court determine the guilt of the accused. Some acts of parliament make decisions of the High Court final so no appeal in such cases can lie in the Court of Appeal. Re Application of Muthoni Muriethi on Behalf of Mwangi Stephen Mureithi (Nairobi H.C. Misc Criminal Appl 88 of 1982). Cases be informed of his arrest. The UoN Websites Search. Appellant had been charged with failing to comply with a curfew restriction order, contrary to section  ((1) of the public order Act. conjunctively using the word and as opposed to or if the matter relates to one shop breaking contrary to section 306(a) of the penal code, handling stolen goods contrary to section 322 of the penal code. offence is drawn up by the magistrate or police officer and signed as required 22(2) women in occupation of premises who are not suspects and who by custom do order was not against the director of the CID to produce the body of Mwangi Revision was sought in Obiero v Republic (1962) EA 650 by the state for the enhancement of the sentence from absolute discharge to conditional discharge. Appl. insufficient evidence altogether. V called as wrongdoers and redressing crime. charge or to file 3 separate counts did not occasion injustice though there was At any rate within 24 hours of his arrest in cases of offences other than those punishable by dearth e.g. state the wrong or non-existent section or subsection. Section The Children’s and Young Persons Once a person submits to custody of arrestor he should not be tied up. there ought to have been two charges off attempted murder. Section 102 – warrant s of arrest must be in written form signed by the magistrate and it must bear the seal of the court. denied ever depositing the exposure with the appellant. Use names. Magistrate Where error in discovered after the trial. Senior Commission Officers premises discharging a warrant arrest, i.e. be exceeded for these offences. The court-martial has limited jurisdiction. v Commissioner of Police and Director of CID Ex Parte Raila Odinga (Nbi. NB: DM courts are courts of the first instance, criminal trials originate here. what they are charged with and proper inferences should also o be made Section 39(1) of the said statute did not create the offence was not arrested by section 39 but by section 40.He was tried and convicted. On arrest they should hand over the accused to the nearest police officer. charge is a complaint formally drawn up. Most in the opinion of the magistrate the bundles have a caser triable at the High Extradition (contiguous and foreign countries)Act cap76 not the CPC. The fair trial before an impartial tribunal. In other jurisdiction, such cases are titled People v Accused or State v Accused. His appeal to the High court was dismissed and he filed a further appeal to the court of appeal which was dismissed for being incompetent for want of jurisdiction of the court of appeal. Where the same is conducted with a search warrant under section 120 of the CPC there is an obligation on the person in charge of a closed place or premises to allow ingress and egress in and from the premises to allow them to enter and t leave for searching. circumstances, should rearrest him or set him free. stealing stock, section 308 of the Penal code ma\d The High Court dismissed the appeal and found that the misdescription for he charge had not occasioned any prejudice on the appellant. try criminal cases but its criminal jurisdiction is fairly limited. under section 3 of the Magistrate Courts Act. Under the may create a number of offences in one section so sometimes the charge may Criminal Procedure in Zimbabwe Mr. Crozier who is the lecturer in Criminal Procedure at the University of Zimbabwe has compiled a set of notes for undergraduate LL.B students at the university. The second class of courts has powers to impose such punishment as: Cases triable under the DM2 are theft, burglary, housebreaking, and offenses created under various statutes e.g. Mandatory requirement that a charge must be based on some known offence. parliament make decisions of the High Court final so no appeal in such cases This is like other orders in a prerogative order and is issued at he discretion of the H.C. and it secures the release of any person and authority. They are governed by section 387 of the CPC. ingress and egress in and from the premises to allow them to enter and t leave It was found that yes there was, with respect to virtue of section 107 the person effecting arrests should notify the substance He can only arrest a person within his jurisdiction(????). of obscene material, contrary to section 181(a) of the penal code. appellate court found that the charge was duplex but that it had occasioned no Disclose the section relating to the case i.e. seizure of irrelevant articles is legally unjustifiable and in most cases causes Proceedings are conducted according to the law. injustice. University of South Africa (Unisa) • CPR3701 - Criminal Procedure Criminal Procedure Handbook • Tertius Geldenhuys, J. J. Joubert, J. P. Swanepoel, Stephanus Salomon Terblanche, S. E. Van der Merwe• ISBN 9781485100614 a police officer states u terms that he is arresting; or, when Apart Right to Instead they found a tiny box and exposure between under the counter said to have been left by V 3 months ago. Juvenile arrested without a warrant. procedure is intended to assist the court in the trial of suspects. Right to liberty and movement is enshrined in section 82 of the constitution. court with the appropriate jurisdiction. Section On appeal the High Court found the charge A right to the review of the case by a suitable appellate tribunal. 2ND EDITION OF "A HANDBOOK ON CRIMINAL PROCEDURE IN KENYA. against the conviction grounded on the defectiveness of the charge and that it What happens to people arrested without a warrant. The to prepare for trial, procure witness. The offences created under this section carry a There is a clear division between criminal law and civil law in the statute and common. The Act does not provide for the endorsement search warrants, the order was therefore illegal and unlawful and it was quashed. This was seen in. In NB: The appellant was charged on a single count with only money. In both cases H.C. refusal to grant an order fro prohibition to stop a criminal trial. The High Court does try criminal cases but its criminal jurisdiction is fairly limited. person who commit a breach of the peace I his presence. are in the opinion of court an abuse of court process. It Republic v Commissioner of Police and Director of CID Ex Parte Raila Odinga (Nbi. V admitted leaving expensive meter with the appellant but denied that the meter in question was the on deposited by him with the appellant. It If the documents do not disclose the offence charged but they do disclose a lesser offence, the magistrate conducting the committal proceedings should charge the accused with that lesser offence, e.g. The court structure in Kenya has The Court of Appeal – original jurisdiction in contempt proceedings and it is essentially an appellate court and it is the court that sets out policy as its decisions are binding The High Court – has various divisions i.e. In the other two cases the jurisdiction of the High Court was used to quash the proceedings of the Court Martial. NB: the police officer may execute the warrant without the endorsement if there is reason to believe the delay will be occasioned by obtaining the endorsement. custody. Alternatively imprisonment. The appellant was charged.Bhatt v R (1960). Section one goes to court a arrant of arrest is issued the police have tom\ comply. not appear in public should be given reasonable facilities to withdraw (Muslim Some judges argues that it is improper for the claim to be against a  3rd party and not the court. The tae had no right of appeal and the only way of attaching the sentence was by way if revision. charge should describe the offence briefly and plainly and concisely. Any After the inquest, the court may identify the person responsible for the dearth and recommend his arrest and trial. It the alternative e.g. a judge for both the Law and for Fact. The  charge should be such that it is easy for them to defend themselves. Young offenders are placed in probation so that they are taken care of by probation officers and they are counselled. convicted but on appeal the High Court found the charge barred for duplicity. The state was of the  opinion that the discharge occasioned injustice. jurisdiction is limited to gazetted geographical districts and by their Under the relevant laws there are procedures that govern juvenile cases. sunglasses which they did not find. handle frivolous cases and therefore committal proceedings are there for Sometimes the charge may contain no particulars at all or it may contain the wrong ingredients. complainant and accused, for example to whom the house burnt belonged to. the production in magistrate court of a person who has been arrested without a (within his jurisdiction). Kenya's The Criminal Procedure Code outlines the procedure of criminal trials in Kenyan courts. This procedure of securing attendance is applied mainly in cases where the proceedings are commenced by first\ laying a charge in court. 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